Forensic Science & Criminology

Forensic science offers great potential, as it draws on almost every discipline and, in doing so, creates widespread opportunity for innovation.

~Mark Walport

What is Forensic Science?

Forensic science is a subject that fascinates most of us. It is the major study of science and criminal justice. Forensic Science is essentially a crime laboratory-based profession.

Forensic science is the application of scientific knowledge and methodology to criminal investigations and legal problems. Forensic Science is a multidisciplinary subject, it encompasses various fields of science such as chemistry, biology, physics, geology, psychology, social science, engineering, etc.

Forensic science is used every around the world to protect public health, to enforce criminal laws and regulations and to resolve civil disputes.

The term forensic comes from the Latin term “forensis” that means “of or before the forum”. The history of the term originates from Roman times in the late nineteenth century. Forensic scientists are who help to collect, preserve, and examining physical evidence during the course of an investigation. Forensic Scientist must be methodical, accurate and unbiased.

Why Study Forensic Science?

If nothing bothers you more than injustice, and Chemistry, Biology, and Physics are some of your favorite subjects, a degree in Forensic Science might be a match made in heaven for you.

As a future Forensics expert, you’ll work in crime labs, examine crucial evidence, and make life a lot easier for police investigators trying to solve a case.

The scope of forensic science study is vast. You can get jobs in various governments & private sectors. The study will improve your skills and knowledge. After completing your degree, you can open your own forensic practice & forensic service offices. You also may employ in Forensic Laboratories, Detective Offices, Banks and other Govt. and private agencies.

There are endless opportunities in this field because of unlimited crimes in the world is happening. So, the job opportunities in the field of forensic science are also endless. You can get a job in everywhere in India or in overseas. Due to increase in crime rate and criminals, the scope of Forensic Science is increased exponentially. There are lots of job opportunities in the field of Forensic Science. The need of forensic scientists is huge all around the world, especially in India.

Some of the forensic scientists visit the crime scene to collect the evidence themselves and another one work in a forensic laboratory to perform analysis on objects. In the forensic laboratory, they testify as expert observers in both criminal and civil cases and can work for either the defense or the prosecution. Forensic scientists can be employed in the government sector. They work in different law enforcement agencies and investigation departments such as police, investigative services of state and central government and legal system. Some of the private agencies also employed those candidates who have some qualification in this field.

A trained forensic scientist may hire by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) & Intelligence Bureau (IB). You can also work as a freelancer as forensic scientists specializing in one segment & can be paid much. You can also work as a legal counselor after gaining experience as a Forensic Scientist.

UG programs offered in Department of Forensic Sciences at MMC

  1. Sc. Forensic Science
  2. Sc. Forensic Science & Criminology

B.Sc. Forensic Sciences and B.Sc. Forensic Science & Criminology includes essential components such as Forensic Pathology, Psychiatry, Psychology, Forensic Medicine and Odontology (Dentistry). It is chiefly laboratory-based science consisting of related elements of Chemistry, Biology, Toxicology, Ballistics, the Science of Fingerprinting, Questioned Documents and Impressions.

The different in both the courses is that B.Sc. Forensic Science & Criminology focusses on the Criminological aspect of Forensic Science. Along with Forensic Knowledge, it also incorporates the knowledge of Criminology in students which help them acquiring skills of a criminologist as well.

The discipline involves crime- scene investigation including fire and explosion scenes and drug laboratories. The subject applies scientific knowledge to aid in the administration of justice, and has no boundaries as far as subjects are concerned; it makes use of all faculties of science, such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Medicine, among others.

Technical skill can be developed through the curriculum. However, intelligence and aptitude required in solving a crime by viewing it from various angles needs to be developed by the student through practical exposure. Good academic skills with fundamental knowledge of various fields of science is necessary.

The field also demands an eye for detail, strong analytical skills, keen observation and scientific investigations. The ability to work with experts from other fields such as Psychology, Social Science, Non Clinical experts and Statistics is a must. Ideal candidates would be comfortable working both indoors and outdoors, besides possessing the following skill sets:

  • Good hold on science subjects (especially Biology and Chemistry)
  • An enquiring mind
  • High degree of accuracy and attention to detail in one’s nature of work
  • Observation skills
  • Patience
  • Ability to work under pressure for long hours
  • Team spirit

Duration and Eligibility:

Course NameDurationEligibility
B.Sc. Forensic Science3 Years12th with Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Mathematics from a recognized board or university or equivalent.
B.Sc. Forensic Science & Criminology3 Years12th with Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Mathematics from a recognized board or university or equivalent.