Forensic Science

Wherever he steps, whatever he touches, whatever he leaves, even unconsciously, will serve as a silent witness against him. Not only his fingerprints or his footprints, but his hair, the fibres from his clothes, the glass he breaks, the tool mark he leaves, the paint he scratches, the blood he deposits. All of these and more bear mute witness against him. This is evidence that does not forget.” Sir Edmond Locard

What is Forensic Science?

Forensic science is a subject that fascinates most of us. It is the application of basic science for the purpose of court of law. It is essentially a crime laboratory-based profession. Forensic science is the application of scientific knowledge and methodology to criminal investigations and legal matters. It is a multidisciplinary subject, which encompasses various fields of science such as chemistry, biology, physics, geology, psychology, engineering etc.

Forensic science is used around the world to protect public health, victims of crime, to enforce criminal laws and regulations as well as to resolve civil disputes.

The term ‘forensic’ comes from the Latin term “forensis” meaning “of or before the forum”. The history of the term originates from Roman times in the late 19th century. Forensic scientists are responsible to collect, preserve, and examine physical evidences, investigate crime scenes and also conduct testing and experiments of suspected items. A forensic scientist must be methodical, accurate and unbiased. 

Why Study Forensic Science?

If nothing bothers you more than injustice and also if chemistry, biology, and physics are some of your favourite subjects, a degree in Forensic Science might be a match made in heaven for you.

As a future Forensic expert, you’ll work in crime labs, examine physical evidences, analyse crime scenes and make life a lot easier for investigating officers trying to solve a case.

The scope of forensic science is enormous. You can get jobs in government & private sectors. This field of study will improve your skills and knowledge. After completing your degree, you can start freelancing your forensic practice & having your own forensic service office. You can also be employed in Forensic laboratories, Narcotics department, Police departments, Detective offices, Intelligence agencies, Hospitals, Banks and various other Government and private agencies.

There are endless opportunities in this field because of increase in the rate of crimes around the world. So, the job opportunities in the field of forensic science are also endless. You can get a job anywhere in India or abroad. The need and scope of Forensic Science has increased exponentially in recent years due to surge in criminal activities and the need to provide timely justice to the victims.

Some forensic scientists visit the crime scene to collect, package and preserve the physical evidences while others work in the forensic laboratories (regional, state, central or private) to perform analysis and examination on the suspected evidence samples sent to them. Working in the forensic laboratory, they testify in courts as Expert in both criminal and civil cases and can work for either the defense or the prosecution. Forensic scientists can be employed in the government sector as well. They work in different law enforcement agencies and investigative departments such as police, investigative services of state and central government and legal system. Some of the private agencies also employ these candidates who have qualification in this field.

A trained forensic scientist may be hired by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) & Intelligence Bureau (IB). You can also work as a freelancer, specialising as a forensic scientist and get paid much. You can also work as a legal counsellor with advocates after gaining experience as a Forensic scientist.

UG programs offered in Department of Forensic Sciences at MMC 

  1. Forensic Science– the course offers the study of scientific applications and knowledge for the investigation of crimes and management of crime scenes.
  1. Forensic Science & Criminology– the course deals with the scientific study of crime and criminals for the purpose of investigative and legal matters. It also deals with the analysis of criminal behaviour and aiding an unbiased justice system.

B.Sc. Forensic Science and B.Sc. Forensic Science & Criminology includes essential fields of study such as Digital Forensics, Forensic Psychology, Forensic Medicine and Odontology (Dentistry), Biometry, Forensic Anthropology, Criminal Justice System. It is a laboratory-based science consisting of related elements of Chemistry, Biology, Toxicology, Ballistics, Serology, the science of Fingerprinting & other Impressions, Questioned Documents etc.

The discipline involves crime- scene investigations including arson and explosion scenes and drug laboratories. The subject applies scientific knowledge to aid in the administration of justice, and has no boundaries as far as subjects are concerned; it makes use of all faculties of science, such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Medicine, among others.

Technical skills can be developed through the curriculum. However, intelligence and aptitude required in solving a crime by viewing it from various angles needs to be developed by the student through practical exposure. Good academic skills with fundamental knowledge of various fields of science is necessary.

The field also demands an eye for detail, strong analytical power, keen observation and scientific strategies The ability to work with experts from other fields such as Psychology, Social Science, Non- clinical experts and statistics is a must. Ideal candidates should be comfortable working both indoors and outdoors, besides possessing the following skill sets:

  • Good hold on science subjects (especially Biology and Chemistry)
  • A curious mind
  • High degree of accuracy and concentration
  • Good analytical skills
  • Ability to work under pressure and to a deadline
  • Logical and meticulous attention to detail
  • Ability to take up challenging responsibilities
  • Good oral and written communication skills

Forensic Science is in the midst of a revolution and the need for well-trained forensic scientists is phenomenal.

Duration and Eligibility:

Course NameDurationEligibility
B.Sc. Forensic Science3 Years12th with Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Mathematics from a recognized board or university or equivalent.
B.Sc. Forensic Science & Criminology3 Years12th with Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Mathematics from a recognized board or university or equivalent.